The assertion that all dreams require a sexual interpretation, against which critics rage so incessantly, occurs nowhere in my Interpretation of Dreams On another occasion, he suggested that the individual capable of recognizing the distinction between latent and manifest content "will probably have gone further in understanding dreams than most readers of my Interpretation of Dreams ". Although not dismissing Freud's model of dream interpretation wholesale, Carl Jung believed Freud's notion of dreams as representations of unfulfilled wishes to be limited.
Jung argued that Freud's procedure of collecting associations to a dream would bring insights into the dreamer's mental complex—a person's associations to anything will reveal the mental complexes, as Jung had shown experimentally  —but not necessarily closer to the meaning of the dream.
Most Common Dreams And Their MEANINGS: Dream Interpretation
Jung believed the psyche to be a self-regulating organism in which conscious attitudes were likely to be compensated for unconsciously within the dream by their opposites. The self aspires to tell the ego what it does not know, but it should. This dialogue involves fresh memories, existing obstacles, and future solutions. Jung proposed two basic approaches to analyzing dream material: the objective and the subjective. Jung argued that the subjective approach is much more difficult for the dreamer to accept, but that in most good dream-work, the dreamer will come to recognize that the dream characters can represent an unacknowledged aspect of the dreamer.
Thus, if the dreamer is being chased by a crazed killer, the dreamer may come eventually to recognize his own homicidal impulses. Jung believed that archetypes such as the animus , the anima , the shadow and others manifested themselves in dreams, as dream symbols or figures.
Such figures could take the form of an old man, a young maiden or a giant spider as the case may be. Each represents an unconscious attitude that is largely hidden to the conscious mind. Although an integral part of the dreamer's psyche, these manifestations were largely autonomous and were perceived by the dreamer to be external personages.
Acquaintance with the archetypes as manifested by these symbols serve to increase one's awareness of unconscious attitudes, integrating seemingly disparate parts of the psyche and contributing to the process of holistic self-understanding he considered paramount. Jung believed that material repressed by the conscious mind, postulated by Freud to comprise the unconscious, was similar to his own concept of the shadow, which in itself is only a small part of the unconscious. Jung cautioned against blindly ascribing meaning to dream symbols without a clear understanding of the client's personal situation.
He described two approaches to dream symbols: the causal approach and the final approach. Thus, a sword may symbolize a penis, as may a snake. In the final approach, the dream interpreter asks, "Why this symbol and not another? A snake representing a penis is alive, dangerous, perhaps poisonous and slimy. The final approach will tell additional things about the dreamer's attitudes. Technically, Jung recommended stripping the dream of its details and presenting the gist of the dream to the dreamer. This was an adaptation of a procedure described by Wilhelm Stekel , who recommended thinking of the dream as a newspaper article and writing a headline for it.
Although Jung acknowledged the universality of archetypal symbols, he contrasted this with the concept of a sign—images having a one-to-one connotation with their meaning. His approach was to recognize the dynamism and fluidity that existed between symbols and their ascribed meaning. Symbols must be explored for their personal significance to the patient, instead of having the dream conform to some predetermined idea.
9 Common Dreams and What They Supposedly Mean
This prevents dream analysis from devolving into a theoretical and dogmatic exercise that is far removed from the patient's own psychological state. In the service of this idea, he stressed the importance of "sticking to the image"—exploring in depth a client's association with a particular image.
This may be contrasted with Freud's free associating which he believed was a deviation from the salience of the image. He describes for example the image "deal table. Jung would ask a patient to imagine the image as vividly as possible and to explain it to him as if he had no idea as to what a "deal table" was. Jung stressed the importance of context in dream analysis. Jung stressed that the dream was not merely a devious puzzle invented by the unconscious to be deciphered, so that the true causal factors behind it may be elicited.
Dreams were not to serve as lie detectors, with which to reveal the insincerity behind conscious thought processes. Dreams, like the unconscious, had their own language. As representations of the unconscious, dream images have their own primacy and mechanics. Jung believed that dreams may contain ineluctable truths, philosophical pronouncements, illusions, wild fantasies, memories, plans, irrational experiences and even telepathic visions.
What is the Meaning of Dreams?
Jung would argue that just as we do not doubt the importance of our conscious experience, then we ought not to second guess the value of our unconscious lives. In , Calvin S. Hall developed a theory of dreams in which dreaming is considered to be a cognitive process. For example, if one dreams of being attacked by friends, this may be a manifestation of fear of friendship; a more complicated example, which requires a cultural metaphor, is that a cat within a dream symbolizes a need to use one's intuition.
For English speakers, it may suggest that the dreamer must recognize that there is "more than one way to skin a cat," or in other words, more than one way to do something. In the s, Ann Faraday and others helped bring dream interpretation into the mainstream by publishing books on do-it-yourself dream interpretation and forming groups to share and analyze dreams. Faraday focused on the application of dreams to situations occurring in one's life. For instance, some dreams are warnings of something about to happen—e. Outside of such context, it could relate to failing some other kind of test.
Or it could even have a " punny " nature, e.
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Faraday noted that "one finding has emerged pretty firmly from modern research, namely that the majority of dreams seem in some way to reflect things that have preoccupied our minds during the previous day or two. In the s and s, Wallace Clift and Jean Dalby Clift further explored the relationship between images produced in dreams and the dreamer's waking life. Their books identified patterns in dreaming, and ways of analyzing dreams to explore life changes, with particular emphasis on moving toward healing and wholeness. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For similar terms, see Dream Interpretation album and Interpretation of dreams disambiguation. Important figures. Important works. Schools of thought. If you've got an out-of-control car in your dreams—maybe you're trapped in one or have one coming at you—it may mean that "you don't have enough control over your road to success," according to Wallace. He suggests, "Instead of trying to over control the situation…relax your grip and allow your fundamental instincts and drives to steer the best path for you. But a car in one's dreams could indicate the opposite, as well.
Wallace explains that, "The car represents your ability to make consistent progress toward a specific objective. Sometimes you might dream that you are missing your car or on the search for it. The lack of a car has a symbolic resonance about one's career or ability to get where we want to go, according to Wallace. Animals can often appear in your dream and can vary in their significance or what they make you feel—a fierce bear is going to indicate something distinct from a high-flying hawk. But according to Lennox, any time an animal appears it may be an indication that your dream is "asking you to stop trying to think your way through a situation and turn instead toward your instinctive nature for an answer.
Having a house in your dream usually connects back to your sense of self , with different rooms representing different aspects of yourself, so dreaming of an attic usually relates to your intellect or memories—and a "musty, dirty atmosphere means you are in realms that you haven't visited in a while," according to Lennox, which can indicate "unhealthy avoidance.
Dreaming about a baby is usually a sign that you are reflecting on burgeoning potential or "some new chapter in your life that is just beginning and has yet to unfold into full manifestation," as Lennox puts it.
Of course, since a baby is also helpless and needs to be cared for, Lennox also emphasizes that an infant in a dream brings up thoughts of the "intense responsibilities associated with" a baby. If your dream consists of you being literally unable to find your shoes , chances are you're having difficulty deciding what your position is on a topic—an important decision you have to make or may be faced with, something that causes you to "consider [your] values and where [you] stand in a certain situation.
If we've misplaced something of value in our dream or spend the dream trying to find something and fail to do it, it may be that we feel a sense of lower value in our life. As Wallace puts it, "If we are looking for our purse or wallet, then we are reflecting on our value to others as we may feel that we have lost some self-esteem in waking life. If you dream you're searching for someone, it doesn't always have to do with that person, specifically.
When Does a Dream Symbol Have Meaning?
If you have a dream about striking it rich or winning the lottery , you're feeling pretty good about life or have gained a "sudden awareness of the richness of the self," as Wallace puts it. If you dream of falling in love or a having a passionate tryst, it may be because you lack this kind of intimacy and passion in your waking life.
According to Wallace , dreaming about falling in love, "can be triggered when we are about to fall in love with a potential lover in our waking life, or in an existing relationship, where inadequate love is being received and our uniqueness seems to be ignored. We've all likely felt the sensation of falling in a dream. Though this might make you think that you need to get a tighter grip and hang on, according to Wallace, the opposite is true. It's a sign "you are hanging on too tightly to a particular situation in waking life.
You need to relax and let go of it. While falling is an indication that something is amiss, flying in a dream is usually a sign that you've freed yourself from something frustrating or difficult.